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Academia in the Global South

Academia in the Global South
A Reading Seminar at Nepā School of Social Sciences and Humanities

Pratyoush Onta 
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Introduction to the Seminar
This reading seminar is dedicated to understanding academia in the global South. Our emphasis will be on trying to locate academic institutions, practices and practitioners in the global South mostly in their historical and contemporary social landscapes. We will look at some of the structural features of these landscapes and discuss how they have facilitated or challenged the performance of academia in Southern countries. Using examples mainly from South Asia and Africa, we will also look at the changing institutional dynamics of academia and examine political-economic and cultural aspects of such academic practices as teaching, research, publications, and the like in the global South.
The readings for the seminars, of various length and depth, are drawn from a number of different sources: popular media, academic journals and books. They total about 60-100 pages of reading per week. Seminar participants will be expected to have read them before coming to class and should be ready to discuss/critique them in some detail. The seminar will meet on Mondays, 7-8:30am starting from 12th August 2013. There will be a total of seven meetings.

I. Descriptions of the Present: Crises and their Representations

  1. Hachhethu, Krishna. 2002. Social Sciences Research in Nepal. Economic and Political Weekly 37(35): 3631-3643.
  2. Bidushi Dhungel. 2012. Ailing Academia. The Kathmandu Post, 4 October, p. 6.
  3. Dambarkrishna Shrestha. 2012. Sunyatira…Himal Khabarpatrika 22(17): 18-20 (in Nepali).
  4. Venni V. Krishna and Usha Krishna. 2010. Social Sciences in South Asia. In World Social Science Report 2010, pp. 77-81. Paris: UNESCO.
  5. Ayodeji Olukoju. 2004. The Crisis of Research and Academic Publishing in Nigerian Universities. In African Universities in the Twenty-First Century Volume 2: Knowledge and Society. Paul T. Zeleza and Adebayo Olukushi, eds., pp. 363-375. Dakar: Council for Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA).
  6. Pitamber Sharma, Bal Gopal Baidya and Dwarika Nath Dhungel. 2012. Situation Analysis, Review and Assessment. In Strategic Plan for the Proposed Social Science Research Council in Nepal, pp. 6-19. A Report submitted to the Adhoc Council, Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare, Government of Nepal and Social Inclusion Research Fund, December.
  7. Partha Chatterjee. 2002. Institutional Context of Social Science Research in South Asia. Economic and Political Weekly 37(35): 3604-12.
  8. Satish Deshpande. 2002. Social Science Research Capacity in South Asia: Some Questions for Discussion. Economic and Political Weekly 37(35): 3628-3630.

II. North and South: Academic Dependency and the Indigenisation Debate

  1. Syed Farid Alatas. 2006[2000]. The Structure of Academic Dependency and the Global Division of Labour in the Social Sciences. In his Alternative Discourses in Asian Social Science: Responses to Eurocentrism, pp. 57-79. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  2. Yogesh Atal. 2004[1981]. The Call for Indigenisation. In Indigeneity and Universality in Social Science: A South Asian Response. Partha N. Mukherji and Chandan Sengupta, eds., pp. 99-113. New Delhi: Sage.
  3. Béteille, André.  2009[1997]. Science and Tradition. In his Sociology: Essays on Approach & Method, pp. 261-272. Second edition. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  4. Tejaswini Niranjana. 2013. Indian Languages in Indian Higher Education. Economic and Political Weekly 48(12): 14-17, 19.
  5. Vineeta Sinha. 2003. Decentring Social Sciences in Practice through Individual Acts and Choices. Current Sociology 51(1): 7-26.

III. Academia’s Connections: Political, Economic and Cultural

  1. Mkandawire, Thandika.  1997. The Social Sciences in Africa: Breaking Local Barriers and Negotiating International Presence. African Studies Review 40(2): 15-36.
  2. Paul T. Zeleza. 2004. Neo-liberalism and Academic Freedom. In African Universities in the Twenty-First Century Volume 1: Liberalisation and Internationalisation Paul T. Zeleza and Adebayo Olukushi, eds., pp. 42-68. Dakar: Council for Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA).
  3. Jean Dreze. 2002. On Research and Action. Economic and Political Weekly, 2 March, pp. 817-819.
  4. Hemanta Ojha. 2012. Civic Engagement through Critical Action Research: Reflections on Ten Years of Forestaction Nepal Experience. New Angle 2(1): 35-62.
  5. Satish Deshpande. 2011. Revisiting the Basics. Seminar 624: 14-18.
  6. Eldho Mathews, Biju A Chittuparamban, Sharvari Joshi and Payal Dey. 2013. Engaging the Corporate Sector: Narayana Murthy Committee Recommendation on Higher Education. Economic and Political Weekly 48(29): 41-47.
  7. Shiva Rijal. 2013. Tejobadh Pragyaharu. Nagarik, 23 Feb., p. 5 (in Nepali).
  8. Neeti Aryal Khanal. 2012. A Day in the Life. The Kathmandu Post, 10 February, p. 7.

IV. University - 1: Institutional Contexts

  1. Mana Prasad Wagle. 2012. Visvavidyalayaka pati, atmarati ra siksako durgati. Kantipur, 10 January, p. 7 (in Nepali).
  2. Bijaya Raj Poudel. 2013. Raising the Bar. The Kathmandu Post, 7 July, p. 6.
  3. N. Jayaram. 2003. The Fall of the Guru: The Decline of the Academic Profession in India. In The Decline of the Guru: The Academic Profession in Developing and Middle-Income Countries. Philip G. Altbach, ed., pp. 199-230. New York: Palgrave.
  4. Béteille, André. 2007. Universities at the Crossroads. Current Science 92(4): 441-449.
  5. Pratap Bhanu Mehta. 2008. Obstacles to a New Revolution. Seminar 590: 44-48.
  6. Andrés Bernasconi. 2011. Private and Public Pathways to World-Class Research Universities: The Case of Chile. In The Road to Academic Excellence: The Making of World-Class Research Universities. Philip G. Altbach and Jamil Salmi, eds., pp. 229-260. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

V. University – 2: Teaching and Research

  1. Man Bahadur Khattri. 2010. Teaching Anthropology and Sociology in Nepal: Prospects and Challenges. In Anthropology and Sociology of Nepal: Taking Stock of Teaching, Research and Practice. Ram B. Chhetri, Tulsi Ram Pandey and Laya Prasad Uprety, eds., pp. 45-59. Kathmandu: Central Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Tribhuvan University.
  2. Neeti Aryal Khanal. 2013. The Sociology of a Dissertation. The Kathmandu Post, 10 May, p. 7.
  3. Gaurav K.C. 2012. Rite of Passage in Writing and Submission: An Ethnographic Exploration of the MA Thesis Experience at Tribhuvan University. Article draft submitted to Martin Chautari, 15 June.
  4. Veena Das. 1993. Sociological Research in India: The State of Crisis. Economic and Political Weekly 28(23): 1159-1161.
  5. Mahmood Mamdani. 2011. The Importance of Research in a University. Keynote speech delivered at Makerere University Research and Innovations Dissemination Conference, 11 April. [10pages]

VI. Non-University Organizational Entities and Academia

  1. Devendra Upreti. 2013. Nepalma samajbigyaharuka sangh/sanstha. A paper presented at the 3rd Young Researchers’ Conference organized by Martin Chautari, 2 January (in Nepali).
  2. Supriya Roychowdhury. 2008. The Scholar and the Manager. Economic and Political Weekly, 16 Feb, pp. 10-12.
  3. Madhu Kishwar. 2012. Interview (with Dhirubhai Sheth, Honorary Senior Fellow, CSDS). Seminar 639: 63-69.
  4. Rajeev Bhargava. 2012. A Centre’s Vision. Seminar 639: 12-15.
  5. Anveshi Research Centre for Women’s Studies. 2003. Nurturing Links between Scholarship and Activism: The Story of Anveshi. In Narratives from the Women’s Studies Family: Recreating Knowledge. Devaki Jain and Pam Rajput, eds., pp. 287-299. New Delhi: Sage.
  6. Ravi Sundaram. 2012. Looking Beyond the Four Walls. The Hindu, 17 December, p. 9.
  7. Pratyoush Onta. 2011. Locating Academic NGOs in the Knowledge Production Landscape. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology 5: 49-80.
  8. Cynthia Bazán, Nelson Cuellar, Ileana Gómez, Cati Illsley, Adrian López, Iliana Monterroso, Joaliné Pardo, Jose Luis Rocha, Pedro Tores and Anthony J. Bebbington. 2008. Producing knowledge, generating alternatives? Challenges to research-oriented NGOs in Central America and Mexico. In Can NGOs Make a Difference: The Challenge of Development Alternatives. Anthony J. Bebbington, Samuel Hickey and Diana C. Mitlin, eds., pp. 175-195. London: Zed Books.
  9. Manju Thapa Tuladhar. 2011. In Search of Institutions. The Kathmandu Post, 24 November, p. 7.

VII. Publishing: Various Modes and Politics

  1. Adebowale, Sulaiman A. 2001. The scholarly journal in the production and dissemination of knowledge in Africa: Exploring some issues for the future. African Sociological Review 5(1): 1-16.
  2. Hitoshi Kamada. 2007. Kiyo Journals and Scholarly Communication in Japan. Libraries and the Academy 7(3): 375-383.
  3. Cassandra Rachel Veney and Paul T. Zeleza. 2001. Women’s Scholarly Publishing in African Studies. In Women in African Studies Scholarly Publishing. Cassandra Rachel Veney and Paul T. Zeleza, eds., pp. 1-44. Trenton, NJ and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press.
  4. Devraj Humagain. 2013. The experiences of editing Media Adhyayan 1 – 8. Mss (in Nepali).
  5. Gina Kolata. 2013. Scientific Articles Accepted (Personal Checks, Too). The New York Times, 8 April.